Early in his first leadership term, Xi Jinping introduced the “Four Comprehensives” to define the political goals to be achieved on the road to what he called the “Chinese Dream.” The formula, also referred to as the “Four-pronged Comprehensive Strategy,” including the following basic objectives:
Because the “comprehensive building of a moderately well-off society” — essentially meaning a society with a stable middle class — was defined early on by the administration of Hu Jintao as a goal to be realized by 2020, it was a virtual certainty that the “Four Comprehensives” would need to change in late 2020. This is precisely what happened.
During the Fifth Plenum of the 19th National Congress of the CCP, held in late October 2020, in the midst of a broad propaganda campaign declaring the definitive success of the leadership in achieving a moderately well-off society (failure was never an option from a propaganda perspective), the “Four Comprehensives” formula was changed. It is today led by a new objective, ”promoting the comprehensive building of a modern socialist country” (推进全面建设社会主义现代化国家).